Page Nav

HIDE

Grid

GRID_STYLE
latest

"CARCINOID TUMOUR "

“ Carcinoid tumours are neuroendocrine tumours with low malignant potential; overall prognosis is good.  They are associated with multiple e...

Carcinoid tumours are neuroendocrine tumours with low malignant potential; overall prognosis is good. 
They are associated with multiple endocrine neoplasia type-1. 
They are well-vascularised, endobronchial lesions, so commonly present with haemoptysis. Cough and recurrent pneumonia are also common.
• Diffuse idiopathic pulmonary neuroendocrine cell hyperplasia—may be a precursor to a bronchial carcinoid. Characterised by small lung nodules, air-trapping, ground-glass opacification and bronchiectasis.
PLAIN FILM
•  Atelectasis commonly, a nodule (typically perihilar) may be seen.
CT
•  Avidly arterial enhancing endobronchial lesion.
•  Rounded appearance and mostly found centrally (20% are peripheral).
•  A third calcify, no fat content and rarely cavitate.
•  Check lymph nodes for evidence of metastasis—Note: Lymph nodes may be enlarged from concurrent infection.
NUCLEAR MEDICINE
•  Cold on fludeoxyglucose positron emission tomography (PET).
•  Gallium 68 PET is used to stage carcinoid.
Carcinoid tumour. CT image demonstrating an avidly enhancing central mass with foci of calcification.