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"BRONCHOPLEURAL FISTULA"

“ This is an abnormal communication between the pleural space and the bronchial tree caused by lobectomy, pneumonectomy, lung necrosis, TB, ...

This is an abnormal communication between the pleural space and the bronchial tree caused by lobectomy, pneumonectomy, lung necrosis, TB, etc.
PLAIN FILM
•  The pleural cavity is expected to fill with fluid post-pneumonectomy—a fistula is suspected if this does not occur, if there is an abrupt decrease in the air-fluid level or there is a new gas in a previously fluid-filled pleural cavity.
•  Contralateral shift of the mediastinum.
NUCLEAR MEDICINE
 Xenon ventilation study will show activity in the pleural space.