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Perineural Metastasis

Perineural Metastasis

This patient had known left parotid adenoid cystic carcinoma. The axial T1-weighted fat-saturated gadolinium-enhanced MR image shows enlargement and enhancement of the left facial nerve at the stylomastoid foramen.
Adenoid cystic carcinoma is notorious for its ability to metastasise by perineural spread.
Facial nerve perineural enhancement may be a normal finding within the bony facial canal. Enhancement outside of the canal (below the skull base, within the internal auditory meatus, or in the cerebellopontine angle cistern) is always pathological. Other signs of perineural invasion are nerve thickening and widening of the bony canal. MR is more accurate when detecting perineural invasion than CT.

Perineural Metastasis Perineural Metastasis Reviewed by Radiology Madeeasy on March 20, 2018 Rating: 5
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